Good Pennsylvania native trout fishing info

Discussion in 'Trout Fishing' started by buddah, May 28, 2006.

  1. buddah

    buddah New Member

    Pennsylvania Wi
    This is how I do it... If using a light-tackle trout rod I'll chose a "redfin" minnow (live) or trout worms (wigglers) Note: they won't take for some reason on those Georgia Jumpers, though..

    If using the flyrod I'll usually use the (older style) Nymphing teq; "Pointfly and dropper" system and work it upstream to all my usual haunts (holds).

    Here is some good info from the PA boat/fish/game commission on those "redfins" I was tellin ya about you'll have to see what the best minnow is on your lil' peice of heaven:

    Pennsylvania minnows and chub ID site:
    Blacknose Dace (Rhinichthys atratulus) "Red-fin" Best trout bait in my area.
    Blacknose Dace (Rhinichthys atratulus) ~ Species overview:
    The blacknose dace is a common small minnow, distributed throughout the Mississippi and Great Lakes watersheds, and along the Atlantic Coast to North Carolina. There are two subspecies in Pennsylvania–Rhinichthys atratulus meleagris in western Pennsylvania and Rhinichthys atratulus atratulus in the eastern part of the state. Both look virtually alike. The blacknose dace’s genus name “Rhinichthys” means “snout-fish,” and the species name “atratulus” is derived from a word that means “clothed in black.” Local Pennsylvania nicknames for this species are “redfin” and “redfin dace.”

    Identification: The blacknose dace is a small, slender minnow that grows to about three inches long. They have the typical minnow’s short, single dorsal fin and a forked tail. The back is light or dark-brown, or gray. The sides shade lighter, toward a silvery-white belly. Sprinkled along the sides are dark scales that give the fish a spotted appearance. The blacknose dace’s most obvious characteristic is its black side stripe. The stripe runs from the snout through the eye, and along the length of the side to the tail. At breeding time, the males also have a rusty-orange or red stripe immediately below the black side stripe. In spawning season, males also acquire pads on the upper surface of the pectoral fins, and the pectoral and pelvic fins become yellow-white or orange. The blacknose dace’s cousin, the longnose dace, grows up to five inches long and is reddish brown to dark-olive, with scattered dark spots and a light belly. But it does not display the blacknose’s prominent black “racing” stripe on its side.
    Habitat: Blacknose dace are creatures of flowing water. They are found in most of the small streams in Pennsylvania, but are typically in the moderate current of headwaters and springfed runs. Although they thrive in stream pools as well as rocky riffles, they won’t be found in the still water of lakes. The blacknose dace shares Pennsylvania with the longnose dace (Rhinichthys cataractae). Both dace are most often found in the same streams, but they use different habitats.
    Life history: Blacknose dace spawn in spring, May to June, choosing a shallow, sandy or gravelly riffle. The males assemble over the spawning area and stake out territories, guarding a bit of underwater turf against other blacknose dace males. The males circle and seem to “dance” to attract females. Several females spawn on the male’s nest site or in a nearby similar area. Each female deposits some 750 eggs. The eggs fall in or on the gravel and the parents abandon them to develop on their own. Blacknose dace live only three or four years. They feed on the tiny invertebrate animal life they find on the stream bottom, including blackfly and midge larvae, as well as diatoms and algae.
    Reproduction: Breeding occurs in New York from late May to early June, and another source reports spawning from April to May *1471,1638*. In Virginia, they spawn from May through July in water from 15.6-22 degrees C. They spawn over sand and gravel in shallow water in a current from 20-45 cm per second *4205*. Incubation lasts 7 days at 18.5 degrees C *2252*. There are 375-2500 eggs per female per period *4205*. This species is mature at 2 or 3 years and the maximum longevity is age 3 *4205*. R. a. atratulus does not build a nest but it does defend a territory during the spawning period. Aggressiveness between males occurs when males cluster around one female before one male is chosen as a mate. There is no definite courtship behavior but the male may swim repeatedly below, in front of, or above the female prior to spawning. The male and female may spawn several times in one period before female returns to deeper waters. Both may rest on the bottom between spawning acts, and the female may spawn with several males. The eggs are broadcast carelessly. The male assumes a parallel position to the female, and throws his tail over female's and vibrates his body rapidly. After spawning, the male may prod through the streambed for eggs and eat some. Males are known to consort on riffles, and most spawning occurs in morning hours decreasing towards noon. - Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service